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the homeserver talk

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whoami


agenda

  1. What counts as a homeserver?
  2. Why you should run one?
  3. How do you get started?
  4. All the gotchas!
  5. CTA

homeserver

A computer which runs service(s) for personal use.


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motivation?

  1. owning your data

motivation?

  1. owning your data
  2. de-googling

motivation?

  1. owning your data
  2. de-googling
  3. backing up your data locally

motivation?

  1. owning your data
  2. de-googling
  3. backing up your data locally
  4. learning/experimenting with tech

motivation?

  1. owning your data
  2. de-googling
  3. backing up your data locally
  4. learning/experimenting with tech
  5. playing mario

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time?

<5 hr a month


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what I run?

Monitoring

  • Prometheus
  • Grafana
  • speedtest-exporter
  • ACT Exporter
  • CAdvisor

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[#](https://grafana.bb8.fun/d/_u2-GHSik/main-dashboard?orgId=1&fullscreen&panelId=3&from=now%2Fw&to=now)

Media

  • Airsonic (🎵) (Google Play)
  • Jellyfin (🎥) (Netflix)
  • Kodi (📺) (Home Theater)
  • Audioserve (🎙️ 📖) (Audible)

Content


hardware

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Specs

  • Intel i5-7600 3.5GHz
  • Nvidia 1050 Ti 4GB
  • 2x8GB DDR4 RAM
  • 3x3TB Internal HDD
  • MSI B250I Motherboard

☁️

  • DO 1vCPU / 2GB RAM / 30GB SSD ($10/mo) (BLR1 region)
  • + 100GB disk

A VM on the ☁️

  • Scaleway: 4ARMv8/2GB/50GB - 300 INR
  • AWS Lightsail: 1vCPU/512MB/20GB - 250 INR
  • Digital Ocean: 1vCPU/1GB/25GB - 350 INR

Beware of Persistent Storage cost


☁️

  • Security: Footgun
  • Batteries included
  • OpEx

cloud storage

Storage Cost/month Retail
1TB-SSD $100 $99
3TB-SSD $300 $224
1TB $25 $45
3TB $75 $84

Indicative AWS:EBS Prices


Raspberry Pi 3

  • 📝 1GB RAM
  • 🌐 Wireless/BLE/Ethernet
  • ⛓️ 4 USB ports
  • 🎵 Audio/HDMI/Composite VGA
  • 2.5A
  • 💸 ~3k INR
  • 📷, GPIO

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system76 Meerkat

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Other Alternatives

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  1. Intel NUCs
  2. Hetzner Server Auctions (20-50USD/mo).
  3. NAS/Network device.
  4. Gamer? r/pcmasterrace/wiki

have some old laptops?

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really into networking?

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really want a cluster?

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Hybrid

  • Local Disk, Cloud Compute


Cloud Pi PC* Hybrid NAS
Security 🔒 + ++ ++ + ++
Utility +++ - 💵 ++ -
Cost 💸 +++ ++ + ++
Setup-Ease + + - -- ++
Ops-Ease ++ - + - ++
Storage -- - + ++ ++
Gaming -- - ++ ++ --
HTPC 💵 + ++ ++ +

glue

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software

  1. docker *
  2. kubernetes
  3. ansible/puppet/chef
  4. helm?
  5. tool-of-your-choice
  6. Unraid
  7. HomelabOS

pick something dumb

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containers?

  • secure
  • declarative configuration
  • orchestration is 100x easier

networking

  • Public + Static IP Address
  • Floating/Elastic IP
  • VPN
  • Wildcard DNS/TLS

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security

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security

  1. Run everything in isolation
  2. Don't expose services
  3. Expose services without auth over VPN only
  4. Don't expose management services over Internet
  5. Keep services behind Auth (even Basic Auth works)
  6. Go Hybrid

buy a raspberry pi today

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self-hosting references


questions?