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techflash2019
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      crypto.koans/README.md
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# crypto.koans
See https://github.captnemo.in/crypto.koans for more details.
Slides are generated using marp
`npx @marp-team/marp-cli slides.md -o index.html`

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---
theme: default
paginate: true
footer: Razorpay
---
# <!--fit--> Practical Cryptography
# Requirements
- `openssl version` (1.1.1a)
- `curl --version` (7.64.0)
- `php --version` (7.3.2)
- `php -m |grep -e openssl -e curl`
- `composer --version` (See <https://getcomposer.org/download/>) (1.8.4)
- `docker --version` (18.09.2-ce)
- `libtasn` (`brew install libtasn1`) (4.13)
---
# <!--fit--> Practical PKI
[_nemo_](nemo@razorpay.com)
---
<!--
_backgroundColor: rebeccapurple
_color: white
_class: lead
-->
# <!--fit--> Why
---
# Objectives
- Get familiar with Crypto primitives
- Hands-on with
- OpenSSL
- TLS
- Curl
---
# Non-Goals
- Understanding all Crypto-Attacks (we'll discuss a couple)
- Elliptic Curve Crypto
- crypto-currencies :money_mouth_face:
- Math
- Intermediate Certs
- Cert Revocation
---
# Requirements
- `openssl version` (1.1.1a)
- `curl --version` (7.64.0)
- `php --version` (7.3.2)
- `php -m |grep -e openssl -e curl`
- `composer --version` (See <https://getcomposer.org/download/>) (1.8.4)
- `docker --version` (18.09.2-ce)
- `libtasn` (`brew install libtasn1`) (4.13)
---
# Setup
1. Have a browser open with Google (Lots of googling needed for this)
2. `git clone git@github.com/captn3m0/crypto.koans.git && cd crypto.koans`
3. `composer install`
---
# <!--fit--> Koans 💃
---
# **koan**
_noun_, **plural ko·ans, ko·an.** _Zen._
1. a nonsensical or paradoxical question to a student for which an answer is demanded, the stress of meditation on the question often being illuminating.
---
# <!--fit--> What is the colour of wind?
---
## Ruby 💎
```
ruby path_to_enlightenment.rb
Thinking AboutAsserts
test_assert_truth has damaged your karma.
You have not yet reached enlightenment ...
<false> is not true.
Please meditate on the following code:
./about_asserts.rb:10:in `test_assert_truth'
path_to_enlightenment.rb:27
mountains are merely mountains
```
---
```ruby
# We shall contemplate truth by testing reality, via asserts.
def test_assert_truth
assert false # This should be true
end
```
---
# tl;dr
1. Run tests
2. Why is the test failing? (`koans/files` directories)
3. Get it to pass
👌🏼 Don't Cheat
- ❗ Means you must do something here
- Keep a solutions.md file listing down commands as you run them
---
# Setup
1. Have a browser open with Google (Lots of googling needed for this)
2. `git clone git@github.com/captn3m0/crypto.koans.git && cd crypto.koans`
3. `composer install`
4. `vendor/bin/phpunit`
5. `man openssl`, `man curl`
🧘‍♀️🧘‍♂️
---
# <!--fit--> `vendor/bin/phpunit`
---
# `OpensslKeyGenerationKoans.php`
`vendor/bin/phpunit --filter BOpensslKeyGenerationKoans`
## <!--fit--> Questions❓
---
# `FileFormatKoans.php`
`vendor/bin/phpunit --filter CFileFormatKoans`
## <!--fit--> Questions❓
- What is PEM vs DER?
---
# Theory Break 1
- Keys
- Certificates
- Signatures
---
# `CA Certificates`
`vendor/bin/phpunit --filter DCaCertificateKoans.php`
---
# <!--fit--> Generate A CA Certificate
---
# testCaCertificateExists
```haskell
openssl req -x509
-newkey rsa:1024
-keyout files/ca.key
-nodes
-out files/ca.pem
-subj '/CN=crypto.koans.invalid'
```
---
# <!--fit--> Generate a Certificate Signing Request
---
# <!--fit--> Generate a Certificate Signing Request
```haskell
openssl req -new
-key files/1.key
-subj '/CN=server.crypto.koans.invalid'
-out files/1.csr
```
---
# <!--fit--> Sign your CSR with your CA
---
# <!--fit--> Sign your CSR with your CA
```haskell
openssl x509 -req
-in files/1.csr
-CA files/ca.pem
-CAkey files/ca.key
-CAcreateserial
-out files/1.crt
```
---
# <!--fit--> What can a Certificate Do?
---
# What can a Certificate Do?
```perl
openssl x509
-in google.pem
-purpose
-noout #Remove this and retry
```
---
# <!--fit--> Generate a Client Certificate
---
# Generate a Client Certificate
## Step 1
```bash
printf "extendedKeyUsage=clientAuth\nkeyUsage=digitalSignature" > client.cnf
```
---
# Generate a Client Certificate
## Step 2
```bash
# As Alice
openssl req -subj '/CN=alice.crypto.koans'
-key files/client.key
-new
-out files/client.csr
# As Bob
openssl x509 -req -in files/alice.csr
-CA files/ca.pem
-CAkey files/ca.key
-CAcreateserial
-extfile client.cnf
-out files/alice.crt
```
---
# Generate a Client Certificate
## Step 3
1. Save `alice.crt` as `client.crt`
2. Save the CA file you received as `bob.pem`
3. See `testClientBundleGenerated`
---
# Theory Break 2
---
# What Alice Had
1. Client (`client.key`, `client.csr`)
---
# What Bob Had
1. Client CSR (`client.csr`)
2. CA (`ca.pem`, `ca.key`)
---
# What Bob Had
1. Client CSR (`client.csr`, `alice.crt`)
2. CA (`ca.pem`, `ca.key`)
---
# What Alice Has
1. Client (`client.key`, `client.csr`, `client.crt`)
2. Bob's CA (`bob.pem`)
# What Bob Has
1. Server (`1.key`, `1.csr`, `1.crt`)
2. CA (`ca.pem`, `ca.key`)
---
# What Alice Has
1. Client (`client.key`, `client.crt`)
2. Bob's CA (`bob.pem`)
# What Bob Has
1. Server (`1.key`, `1.crt`)
2. Bob's Own CA (`ca.pem`)
---
# Where we're going
# <!--fit--> :whale: :rocket:
---
# :whale: :one: / :two:
## As Bob
Bring up a server using your key (`1.key`) and certificate (`1.crt`) and allow any client signed
by your CA (`ca.pem`) to talk to you.
```bash
docker run --volume `pwd`/files:/etc/koans
--publish 8443:443
captn3m0/crypto.koans
```
```
# ssl_certificate /etc/koans/1.crt;
# ssl_certificate_key /etc/koans/1.key;
# ssl_client_certificate /etc/koans/ca.pem;
# Give your WiFi IP to your partner
```
---
# :whale: :two: / :two:
## As Alice
Use the certificate (signed by Bob) and the key
(which only you have) to talk to Bob's server (which
you can verify using the CA given)
```bash
curl https://server.crypto.koans.invalid:8443
--resolve server.crypto.koans.invalid:8443:192.168.1.121
--cert files/client.crt
--key files/client.key
--cacert files/bob.pem
```
```
# /etc/hosts
192.168.1.121 server.crypto.koans.invalid
```
---
# Browser 🌍
1. Import `bundle.pfx` in your browser
2. Enable CA Usage for websites
3. Open https://server.crypto.koans.invalid:8443
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